PHP vs. Node JS: Which is Better and Why?
Although, both Node JS and PHP are the most popular, powerful and open-source backend programming languages use for web app development. Both the languages fall under the same category but have built around different architectures and have some distinctive features and concepts.
Technology every year comes with new updates, due to which web and app programmers have to face challenges. No doubt, new technology has always come on top in order to make development faster and easier.
If you are a business owner, startup or app owner, and looking between these programming languages for your web development. I know this is a tough situation for you especially when you are a non-technical person. Don’t worry, to get out you of this mess, here in this article we will discuss the key factors and differences between these two languages and also figure out which technology is suitable for which purpose.
What is PHP?
PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor), is an open-source server-side scripting language that has been designed to build the static and dynamic web application. Since its launch, this technology has always been at the forefront of website development. It is one of the best server-side scripting languages that has always been the first choice of PHP professionals and businesses.
Also, the ever-increasing popularity of Content Management Systems like WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, and modern frameworks like Laravel and Symphony showing as to how PHP has covered the backend under its wings.
“Read Also: Python vs. PHP”
What is Node JS?
Similarities that both technologies share-
Interpreted languages- Both Node.js and PHP are interpreted languages and run in a runtime environment.
Viable Choices– Due to the fast development and advanced features, Node.js is a viable choice. It is more extensive and fast in compression of PHP. However, some professional developers prefer PHP because it is easier than a Node.js and features an integrated database.
Difference Between PHP and Node.js
PHP vs Node.js – Runtime Environment
With ready to install feature, you can easily build code and use it on the server-side.
PHP vs Node.js – Development
PHP is a server-side programming language, and developing a website in PHP is more simple when compared to Node JS. There is no need for converters and compiler. With minimal technical skills, one can easily build a dynamic website. You can also set up the SQL database with ease. PHP is known for its ease of development and capability with hosting services.
If you talk about Node.js, it is significantly complicated. Due to complex server infrastructure and large data operations, it is hard for newbies to build web applications using it.
PHP vs Node.js – Complexity
PHP is much simpler in comparison to Node.js as the beginners can easily build websites using the basic code, libraries, and components.
However, Node.js is not as tough as you thing. If you are a professional and have good technical knowledge, then you can easily build any type of web applications but you require more lines of coding to write in comparison to PHP.
“Read Also: Node.Js Vs Golang”
PHP vs Node.js – JSON
The use of JSON in PHP is very lesser. As PHP mainly uses json_decode() and json_encode() functions.
JSON performs an excellent role with Node.js than PHP. Node.js uses JSON.stringify() and JSON.parse().
PHP vs Node.js – Execution, And Speed
PHP is synchronous as this server-side scripting language executes the codes in sequence, so it doesn’t matter how long a function takes to execute, it won’t move to the next one until it’s completed.
Node.js is asynchronous and considered a more viable tool. Known for its execution speed, this tool doesn’t execute the codes in sequence. For example- If you have built code and one function of code takes time to execute, you can send it to the queue and move on to the next one. Thus, developers do not have to wait until the completion of the previous code.
PHP vs Node.js – Web Server
PHP runs on the Apache webserver. You can also run it on the IIS web server- windows machine only.
Node.js does not need a web server, it runs on its own run time environment.
PHP vs Node.js – Database
PHP works with the most popular database MySQL. PHP also supports a range of various databases such as MariaDB and PostgreSQL. The code functions admirably with databases independent of the engines used.
Node.js has various libraries for getting to SQL. It likewise uses JSON to connect with another type of NoSQL database.
Node.js uses various NoSQL databases such as MongoDB and CouchDB. It also works with graph database systems like Neo4j with JSON.
PHP vs Node.js Performance
PHP is considerably a good platform for building web applications and it provides reliable and stable performance.
While Node.js is more advanced language and has various advantages like speed friendly V8 engine, fast server connection, speed, etc., make it the best technology for web app development.
When Should You Use PHP or Node.js?
Well, keeping aside all the technicalities, the time has come to talk about when you should go with PHP or Node.js–
You should consider PHP if your project involves-
- Technologies and frameworks like the LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP)
- CMS’s like WordPress, Drupal, or Joomla etc.
- Servers like Oracle, SQL, MySQL, MariaDB, Sybase, Postgresql etc.
You should go with Node.js if your project involves-
- Technologies like MEAN stack (MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, Node.js)
- Dynamic single-page applications (SPAs)
- Front-end technologies like jQuery, AngularJS, Backbone.js, Ember.js, ReactJS etc.
- Server-side technologies like Node.js, MongoDB, Express.js, etc.
“Read Also: Node.Js Vs Java”
So, the comparison between PHP and Node.js is not a matter of concern as both backend technologies have their pros and cons. Finally, making the choice between PHP and Node.js depends on the nature of the project.
PHP with Node.js makes a strong combination for robust development. You could hire PHP developers and Node js developers for your project.
We are a renowned Node js and PHP development company help businesses with high-quality solutions.